Towards the end of the first decade of IKP in the year 2009, it was observe¬d that
20% of poor were still untouched, majority of whom belonged to socially vulnerable
groups (SC/ST) and thus needed intensive handholding support. To address this critical
gap, SERP evolved a more targeted and focused approach under IKP, to fight the poverty
of the poorest known as Unnathi.
The objective of Unnathi is to enable every poorest of poor family in the state
to come out of poverty with increased and sustainable livelihood opportunities established
with the aid of an intensive handholding support. The same has to be done in a focused
and phased manner starting with organizing them, strengthening their institutions,
increasing their asset base, mitigating risks, expanding the livelihoods and increasing
their incomes. In concise, enhancing the income of POP family to an annual income
of Rs One lakh over a period and a significant improvement in human development
aspects are considered the twin mandates of the proposed strategy.
The need for Unnathi was further confirmed by the data from the baseline survey
that was carried out immediately after the identification of PoP households. Detailed
information was gathered about each and every PoP household on all important livelihood,
human development and quality of life aspects. The baseline of PoP families doubly
confirmed the need for exclusive strategy which was rightly put in place by SERP
in the name of Unnathi.